Despite a steadily-expanding presence in Europe, Osteopathic manual therapy did not become firmly established in Canada until the early 1980s.


 In 1874, Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, a medical doctor and surgeon by profession, founded osteopathy in the USA. The first school of osteopathy was chartered in Missouri in 1892 and osteopathy was brought to the United Kingdom in 1900. John Martin Littlejohn, a student of Dr. Still, founded the first teaching institution in the UK in 1917 and formed the College of Osteopaths in 1948. In 1993, The Osteopathic Act was passed, granting manual osteopaths in the UK a status equivalent to that of doctors of medicine and dentists and establishing guidelines concerning public safety.

Osteopathy was introduced to medical doctors in France in 1923 and the first class of osteopathy was presented in Paris in 1965. The first French Osteopathic Colleges were the founding roots for similar institutions in Belgium, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland and Germany.

A French osteopath, Philippe Druelle, DO founded the first osteopathic school in Canada, the College d’Etudes Osteopathiques de Montreal, in 1981. In 1991, he founded the Deutches Osteopathie Kolleg in Munich, Germany and in 1992 the Canadian College of Osteopathy in Toronto, and later also in Halifax, Winnipeg and Vancouver.


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